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The Scalawagons of Oz 1941 | First Edition Identification Guide

The Scalawagons of Oz (1941) is the thirty-fifth in the series of Oz books created by L. Frank Baum and continued by his successors; it is the second volume in the series both written and illustrated by John R. Neill.

A weak plot and the lack of a compelling villain make The Scalawagons of Oz one of the most random and disorganized of the Oz books.


Neill - Scalawagons Of Oz 1941 First Printing
The Scalawagons of Oz 1941 first printing

In Scalawagons, Neill exploits two characters he introduced in his previous book, The Wonder City of Oz, Number Nine and Jenny Jump. Jenny is the book’s protagonist, though the story begins with Number Nine, who is now an assistant to the Wizard of Oz. The Wizard has a tendency to disappear suddenly, as he pursues various projects. His latest project is the creation of a new form of transportation for the Land of Oz. In a red-domed facility atop Carrot Mountain in the Quadling Country, the Wizard has established a factory to build scalawagons, intelligent cars that can also fly. They spread their running boards like wings. In his illustrations, Neill makes them resemble the “kiddie cars” of amusement-park rides; their heads are in turrets on their roofs.

The Wizard makes Tik-Tok the superintendent of the scalawagon factory. The scalawagons are conscious, but not very smart; Tik-Tok pounds sense into them with a rubber mallet. His new duties wear on the mechanical man, however, and he runs down sooner than expected. A blue-green buckwheat cake named Bell-snickle finds the factory; bent on mischief, the monster knocks the stationary Tik-Tok out a window. Bell-snickle ignores Tik-Tok’s warning signs, and fuels the scalawagons with “flabber-gas” (apparently a pun on the word “flabbergast”); they quickly fly away. In the disorder, Bell-snickle is soaked in the fluid; blown up like a balloon, he/she/it sails away into the sky — and disappears from the plot for ten chapters. “Flabber-gas” is a liquid — “gas” as in gasoline — but has the effect of lighter-than air gasses like hydrogen and helium.

The palace of Glinda is located not far away; from her Great Book of Records Glinda learns of the scalawagons’ existence and their escape. A party sets out to investigate, consisting of Jenny Jump, The Scarecrow, the Tin Woodman, and the Sawhorse. The four are quickly involved in chaotic adventures, complicated by the Sawhorse’s tendency to race off uncontrolled, and involving a menagerie of beings that includes “Lollies” and their “Pops,” water spirits and kelpies, talking animals and a grumpy grandfather clock. Jenny Jump uses her fairy powers to take to the air and meets a group of fairy bell-ringers called the Nota-bells. When Number Nine joins Jenny, they find and wind up Tik-Tok, and eventually locate the scalawagons flying over the Deadly Desert and herd them back to Oz.

Bell-snickle returns to cause more trouble. It comes to dominate a stand of walking talking trees, and drives them toward the Emerald City in a vain attempt at conquest. At the gate of the city, the Tin Woodman terrifies the trees with his axe, and the threat is quickly disposed of. Bell-snickle is captured, and is cowed into agreeing to a new way of life: Jenny runs the monster through the turnstile of her style shop until it is reduced to a rubber stamp. Ozma also uses the converted monster as a stopper, to stop trends she doesn’t approve. The Nota-bells are given quarters in a high tower of Ozma’s palace, where they supply pleasant music to the city below. The story ends with a great party and dance.

The Scalawagons of Oz First Edition Book Identification Points

Please refer to the gallery for detailed images of binding(s) and dust jackets.

John R. Neill - The Scalawagons of Oz 1941 First Edition Identification Guide
YearTitlePublisherFirst edition/printing identification points
1941The Scalawagons of OzReilly & Lee, [1941]First edition. Illustrated by John R. Neill, 309 pages.

Textual points: 16-page gatherings. Pictorial self-endpapers in black and white.

Binding: various colors of cloth: copies have been reported in dark brick-red, very light brick-red, dark-red, rose, light gray-green, and dull-blue cloth. No priority is known. Pictorial paper label in colors. The title on the spine is printed diagonally, with the word “SCALA­WAGONS” hyphenated and on two lines with the word “OZ” printed as a stylized device, the “Z” within the “0”. Spine imprint is in semi-script, “fancy” letters. The dust jacket has a misprint in the list of titles on the back flap, “Scallywagons” for “Scalawagons”.

Size of leaf: 8 7/8 inches by 6 5/8 inches. Thickness of volume: 1 3/8 inches.

Later Printings

Later printings are made up of 32-page gatherings and have the word “SCALAWAGONS” on the spine printed diagonally, unhyphenated, on a single line and the word “OZ” printed not as a stylized device but as a conventional word.

A dust jacket for a British issue of The Scalawagons of Oz is known. It is adapted from Neill’s original design and contains the spine imprint of Hutchinson’s Books for Young People. This jacket is probably a ca. 1945 proof for a projected but never-published volume.

The Scalawagons of Oz First Edition Dust Jacket Identification Points

First edition binding(s) and various dust jacket printings identification.


  • Wikipedia
  • Bibliographia Oziana – Haff, Greeme, Martin. 2002

BOOKSTORE: Rare, Antiquarian, First editions, Illustrated Children's Books

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