Book Awards

Pulitzer Prize for Fiction Winners List

The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music. It recognizes distinguished fiction by an American author, preferably dealing with American life, published during the preceding calendar year. As the Pulitzer Prize for the Novel, it was one of the original Pulitzers; the program was inaugurated in 1917 with seven prizes, four of which were awarded that year. (No Novel prize was awarded in 1917; the first was awarded in 1918.)

Finalists have been announced since 1980, usually a total of three.

Pulitzer Prize for Fiction Winners
YearAuthorWorkPublisherGenre(s)Author's origin
1918Ernest Poole (1880-1950)His FamilyMacmillan (1917)NovelIllinois
1919Booth Tarkington (1869-1949)The Magnificent AmbersonsDoubleday, Page & Co. (1918)NovelIndiana
1921Edith Wharton (1862-1937)The Age of InnocenceD. Appleton & Company (1920)NovelNew York
1922Booth Tarkington (1869-1949)Alice AdamsDoubleday, Page & Co. (1921)NovelIndiana
1923Willa Cather (1873-1947)One of OursAlfred A. Knopf (1922)NovelVirginia
1924Margaret Wilson (1882-1973)The Able McLaughlinsHarper & Brothers (1923)Debut novelIowa
1925Edna Ferber (1885-1968)So BigGrosset & Dunlap (1924)NovelMichigan
1926Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951)ArrowsmithHarcourt Brace & Co. (1925)NovelMinnesota
1927Louis Bromfield (1896-1956)Early AutumnAmereon Ltd (1926)NovelOhio
1928Thornton Wilder (1897-1975)The Bridge of San Luis ReyAlbert & Charles Boni (1927)NovelWisconsin
1929Julia Peterkin (1880-1961)Scarlet Sister MaryBobbs-Merrill Company (1928)NovelSouth Carolina
1930Oliver La Farge (1901-1963)Laughing BoyHoughton Mifflin (1929)NovelNew York
1931Margaret Ayer Barnes (1886-1967)Years of GraceHoughton Mifflin (1930)NovelIllinois
1932Pearl S. Buck (1892-1973)The Good EarthJohn Day Company (1931)Historical fictionWest Virginia
1933T. S. Stribling (1881-1965)The StoreDoubleday, Doran (1932)NovelTennessee
1934Caroline Miller (1903-1992)Lamb in His BosomHarper & Brothers (1933)Debut novelGeorgia
1935Josephine Winslow Johnson (1910-1990)Now in NovemberSimon & Schuster (1934)Debut novelMissouri
1936Harold L. Davis (1894-1960)Honey in the HornHarper & Brothers (1935)Debut novelOregon
1937Margaret Mitchell (1902-1968)Gone with the WindMacmillan Publishers (1936)NovelGeorgia
1938John Philips Marquand (1893-1960)The Late George ApleyLittle, Brown and Company (1937)Epistolary novelDelaware
1939Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (1896-1953)The YearlingCharles Scribner's Sons (1938)Young adult novelWashington, D.C.
1940John Steinbeck (1902-1968)The Grapes of WrathViking Press (1939)NovelCalifornia
1942Ellen Glasgow (1873-1945)In This Our LifeJonathan Cape (1941)NovelVirginia
1943Upton Sinclair (1878-1968)Dragon's TeethViking Press (1942)Historical fictionMaryland
1944Martin Flavin (1883-1967)Journey in the DarkHarper & Brothers (1943)NovelCalifornia
1945John Hersey (1914-1993)A Bell for AdanoAlfred A. Knopf (1944)War novelNew York (born in Tianjin, China)
1947Robert Penn Warren (1905-1989)All the King's MenHarcourt, Brace & Company (1946)Political fictionKentucky
1948James A. Michener (1907-1997)Tales of the South PacificMacmillan Publishers (1947)Interrelated short stories,Pennsylvania
1949James Gould Cozzens (1903-1978)Guard of HonorHarcourt, Brace & Company (1948)War novelIllinois
1950A. B. Guthrie (1901-1991)The Way WestWilliam Sloane Associates (1949)Western fictionIndiana
1951Conrad Richter (1890-1968)The TownAlfred A. Knopf (1950)NovelPennsylvania
1952Herman Wouk (1915-2019)The Caine MutinyDoubleday (1951)Historical fictionNew York
1953Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)The Old Man and the SeaCharles Scribner's Sons (1952)Short novelIllinois
1955William Faulkner (1897-1962)A FableRandom House (1954)NovelMississippi
1956MacKinlay Kantor (1904-1977)AndersonvillePenguin Books (1955)Historical fictionIowa
1958James Agee (1909-1955)A Death in the FamilyMcDowell, Obolensky (1957)Autobiographical novelTennessee
1959Robert Lewis Taylor (1912-1998)The Travels of Jaimie McPheetersDoubleday (1958)Historical fictionIllinois
1960Allen Drury (1918-1998)Advise and ConsentDoubleday (1959)Political fiction,Texas
1961Harper Lee (1926-2016)To Kill a MockingbirdJ. B. Lippincott & Co. (1960)Southern Gothic, Debut novelAlabama
1962Edwin O'Connor (1918-1968)The Edge of SadnessLittle, Brown and Company (1961)NovelRhode Island
1963William Faulkner (1897-1962)The Reivers (posthumous win) 
Random House (1962)NovelMississippi
1965Shirley Ann Grau (1929-2020)The Keepers of the HouseAlfred A. Knopf (1964)NovelLouisiana
1966Katherine Anne Porter (1890-1980)Collected StoriesHarcourt Brace (1965)Short story collectionTexas
1967Bernard Malamud (1914-1986)The FixerFarrar, Straus & Giroux (1966)NovelNew York
1968William Styron (1925-2006)The Confessions of Nat TurnerRandom House (1967)NovelVirginia
1969N. Scott Momaday (b. 1934)House Made of DawnHarper & Row (1968)NovelOklahoma
1970Jean Stafford (1915-1979)Collected StoriesFarrar, Straus & Giroux (1969)Short story collectionCalifornia
1972Wallace Stegner (1909-1993)Angle of ReposeDoubleday (1971)NovelIowa
1973Eudora Welty (1909-2001)The Optimist's DaughterRandom House (1972)Short novelMississippi
1975Michael Shaara (1928-1988)The Killer AngelsDavid McKay Publications (1974)Historical fictionNew Jersey
1976Saul Bellow (1915-2005)Humboldt's GiftViking Press (1975)NovelIllinois (born in Quebec, Canada)
1978James Alan McPherson (1943-2016)Elbow RoomLittle, Brown (1977)Short story collectionGeorgia
1979John Cheever (1912-1982)The Stories of John CheeverAlfred A. Knopf (1978)Short story collectionMassachusetts

From 1980 and on, the Pulitzer Prize also includes a list of finalists.

YearWinnerWorkPublisherGenre(s)Author's originFinalists
1980Norman Mailer (1923–2007)The Executioner's SongLittle, Brown (1979)True crime novelNew JerseyWilliam Wharton, Birdy | Philip Roth, The Ghost Writer
1981John Kennedy Toole (1937–1969)A Confederacy of Dunces (posthumous win)Louisiana State University Press (1980)Picaresque novelLouisianaFrederick Buechner, Godric | William Maxwell, So Long, See You Tomorrow
1982John Updike (1932–2009)Rabbit Is RichAlfred A. Knopf (1981)NovelPennsylvaniaRobert Stone, A Flag for Sunrise | Marilynne Robinson, Housekeeping
1983Alice Walker (b. 1944)The Color PurpleHarcourt Brace Jovanovich (1982)Epistolary novelGeorgiaAnne Tyler, Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant | Chaim Grade, Rabbis and Wives
1984William Kennedy (b. 1928)IronweedViking Press (1983)NovelNew YorkRaymond Carver, Cathedral | Thomas Berger, The Feud
1985Alison Lurie (1926–2020)Foreign AffairsRandom House (1984)NovelIllinoisDiana O'Hehir, I Wish This War Were Over | Douglas Unger, Leaving the Land
1986Larry McMurtry (1936–2021)Lonesome DoveSimon & Schuster (1985)Western novelTexasRussell Banks, Continental Drift | Anne Tyler, The Accidental Tourist
1987Peter Taylor (1917–1994)A Summons to MemphisAlfred A. Knopf (1986)NovelTennesseeDonald Barthelme, Paradise | Norman Rush, Whites
1988Toni Morrison (1931–2019)BelovedAlfred A. Knopf (1987)NovelOhioDiane Johnson, Persian Nights | Alice McDermott, That Night
1989Anne Tyler (b. 1941)Breathing LessonsAlfred A. Knopf (1988)NovelMinnesotaRaymond Carver, Where I'm Calling From
1990Oscar Hijuelos (1951–2013)The Mambo Kings Play Songs of LoveFarrar, Straus and Giroux (1989)NovelNew YorkE. L. Doctorow, Billy Bathgate
1991John Updike (1932–2009)Rabbit At RestAlfred A. Knopf (1990)NovelPennsylvaniaLinda Hogan, Mean Spirit | Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried
1992Jane Smiley (b. 1949)A Thousand AcresAlfred A. Knopf (1991)Domestic RealismCaliforniaDavid Gates, Jernigan | Robert M. Pirsig, Lila: An Inquiry into Morals | Don DeLillo, Mao II
1993Robert Olen Butler (b. 1945)A Good Scent from a Strange MountainHenry Holt (1992)Short story collectionIllinoisAlice McDermott, At Weddings and Wakes | Joyce Carol Oates, Black Water
1994E. Annie Proulx (b. 1935)The Shipping NewsCharles Scribner's Sons (1993)NovelConnecticutPhilip Roth, Operation Shylock: A Confession | Reynolds Price, The Collected Stories
1995Carol Shields (1935–2005)The Stone DiariesRandom House (1993)NovelIllinoisGrace Paley, The Collected Stories | Joyce Carol Oates, What I Lived For
1996Richard Ford (b. 1944)Independence DayAlfred A. Knopf (1995)NovelMississippiOscar Hijuelos, Mr. Ives' Christmas | Philip Roth, Sabbath's Theater
1997Steven Millhauser (b. 1943)Martin Dressler: The Tale of an American DreamerCrown Publishers (1996)NovelNew YorkJoanna Scott, The Manikin | Ursula K. Le Guin, Unlocking the Air and Other Stories
1998Philip Roth (1933–2018)American PastoralHoughton Mifflin (1997)NovelNew JerseyRobert Stone, Bear and His Daughter: Stories | Don DeLillo, Underworld
1999Michael Cunningham (b. 1952)The HoursFarrar, Straus and Giroux (1998)Historical fictionOhioRussell Banks, Cloudsplitter | Barbara Kingsolver, The Poisonwood Bible
2000Jhumpa Lahiri (b. 1967)Interpreter of MaladiesHoughton Mifflin (1999)Short story collectionRhode Island (born in London, United Kingdom) (lives in Rome, Italy)Annie Proulx, Close Range: Wyoming Stories | Ha Jin, Waiting
2001Michael Chabon (b. 1963)The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & ClayRandom House (2000)Historical fictionWashington, D.C.Joyce Carol Oates, Blonde | Joy Williams, The Quick and the Dead
2002Richard Russo (b. 1949)Empire FallsAlfred A. Knopf (2001)NovelNew YorkColson Whitehead, John Henry Days | Jonathan Franzen, The Corrections
2003Jeffrey Eugenides (b. 1960)MiddlesexFarrar, Straus and Giroux (2002)Family sagaMichiganAndrea Barrett, Servants of the Map: Stories | Adam Haslett, You Are Not a Stranger Here
2004Edward P. Jones (b. 1950)The Known WorldAmistad Press (2003)Historical fictionWashington, D.C.Susan Choi, American Woman | Marianne Wiggins, Evidence of Things Unseen
2005Marilynne Robinson (b. 1943)GileadFarrar, Straus and Giroux (2004)NovelIdahoWard Just, An Unfinished Season | Ha Jin, War Trash
2006Geraldine Brooks (b. 1955)MarchViking Press (2005)Historical fictionNew York (born in Sydney, Australia)Lee Martin, The Bright Forever | E. L. Doctorow, The March
2007Cormac McCarthy (b. 1933)The RoadAlfred A. Knopf (2006)Post-apocalyptic fictionRhode IslandAlice McDermott, After This | Richard Powers, The Echo Maker
2008Junot Díaz (b. 1968)The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar WaoRiverhead Books (2007)NovelNew Jersey (born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic)Lore Segal, Shakespeare's Kitchen | Denis Johnson, Tree of Smoke
2009Elizabeth Strout (b. 1956)Olive KitteridgeRandom House (2008)Interrelated short storiesMaineChristine Schutt, All Souls | Louise Erdrich, The Plague of Doves
2010Paul Harding (b. 1967)TinkersBellevue Literary Press (2009)Debut novelMassachusettsDaniyal Mueenuddin, In Other Rooms, Other Wonders | Lydia Millet, Love in Infant Monkeys
2011Jennifer Egan (b. 1962)A Visit from the Goon SquadAlfred A. Knopf (2010)Interrelated short storiesIllinoisJonathan Dee, The Privileges | Chang-rae Lee, The Surrendered
2012NOT AWARDEDKaren Russell, Swamplandia! | David Foster Wallace, The Pale King (posthumous nominee) | Denis Johnson, Train Dreams
2013Adam Johnson (b. 1967)The Orphan Master's SonRandom House (2012)NovelSouth DakotaEowyn Ivey, The Snow Child | Nathan Englander, What We Talk About When We Talk About Anne Frank
2014Donna Tartt (b. 1963)The GoldfinchLittle, Brown and Company (2013)NovelMississippiPhilipp Meyer, The Son | Bob Shacochis, The Woman Who Lost Her Soul
2015Anthony Doerr (b. 1973)All the Light We Cannot SeeCharles Scribner's Sons (2014)War novelOhioRichard Ford, Let Me Be Frank with You | Joyce Carol Oates, Lovely, Dark, Deep | Laila Lalami, The Moor's Account
2016Viet Thanh Nguyen (b. 1971)The SympathizerGrove Press (2015)Debut novelCalifornia (born in Buôn Ma Thuột, Vietnam)Kelly Link, Get in Trouble: Stories | Margaret Verble, Maud's Line
2017Colson Whitehead (b. 1969)The Underground RailroadDoubleday (2016)Alternate historical novelNew YorkAdam Haslett, Imagine Me Gone | C. E. Morgan, The Sport of Kings
2018Andrew Sean Greer (b. 1970)LessLittle, Brown and Company (2017)Satirical novelWashington, D.C.Hernan Diaz, In the Distance | Elif Batuman, The Idiot
2019Richard Powers (b. 1957)The OverstoryW. W. Norton & Company (2018)NovelIllinoisRebecca Makkai, The Great Believers | Tommy Orange, There There
2020Colson Whitehead (b. 1969)The Nickel BoysDoubleday (2019)NovelNew YorkAnn Patchett, The Dutch House | Ben Lerner, The Topeka School
2021Louise Erdrich (b. 1954)The Night WatchmanHarpercollins (2020)NovelMinnesotaDaniel Mason, A Registry of My Passage Upon the Earth | Percival Everett, Telephone
2022Joshua CohenThe NetanyahusNew York Review BooksNovelNew Jersey
Francisco Goldman, Monkey Boy | Gayl Jones, Palmares

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