Book Awards

Pulitzer Prize for Fiction Winners List

The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music. It recognizes distinguished fiction by an American author, preferably dealing with American life, published during the preceding calendar year. As the Pulitzer Prize for the Novel, it was one of the original Pulitzers; the program was inaugurated in 1917 with seven prizes, four of which were awarded that year. (No Novel prize was awarded in 1917; the first was awarded in 1918.)

Finalists have been announced since 1980, usually a total of three.

Pulitzer Prize for Fiction Winners
YearAuthorWorkPublisherGenre(s)Author's origin
1918Ernest Poole (1880-1950)His FamilyMacmillan (1917)NovelIllinois
1919Booth Tarkington (1869-1949)The Magnificent AmbersonsDoubleday, Page & Co. (1918)NovelIndiana
1920NOT AWARDED
1921Edith Wharton (1862-1937)The Age of InnocenceD. Appleton & Company (1920)NovelNew York
1922Booth Tarkington (1869-1949)Alice AdamsDoubleday, Page & Co. (1921)NovelIndiana
1923Willa Cather (1873-1947)One of OursAlfred A. Knopf (1922)NovelVirginia
1924Margaret Wilson (1882-1973)The Able McLaughlinsHarper & Brothers (1923)Debut novelIowa
1925Edna Ferber (1885-1968)So BigGrosset & Dunlap (1924)NovelMichigan
1926Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951)ArrowsmithHarcourt Brace & Co. (1925)NovelMinnesota
1927Louis Bromfield (1896-1956)Early AutumnAmereon Ltd (1926)NovelOhio
1928Thornton WilderThe Bridge of San Luis ReyAlbert & Charles Boni (1927)NovelWisconsin
1929Julia PeterkinScarlet Sister MaryBobbs-Merrill Company (1928)NovelSouth Carolina
1930Oliver La FargeLaughing BoyHoughton Mifflin (1929)NovelNew York
1931Margaret Ayer BarnesYears of GraceHoughton Mifflin (1930)NovelIllinois
1932Pearl S. BuckThe Good EarthJohn Day Company (1931)Historical fictionWest Virginia
1933T. S. StriblingThe StoreDoubleday, Doran (1932)NovelTennessee
1934Caroline MillerLamb in His BosomHarper & Brothers (1933)Debut novelGeorgia
1935Josephine Winslow JohnsonNow in NovemberSimon & Schuster (1934)Debut novelMissouri
1936Harold L. DavisHoney in the HornHarper & Brothers (1935)Debut novelOregon
1937Margaret MitchellGone with the WindMacmillan Publishers (1936)NovelGeorgia
1938John Philips Marquand (1893-1960)The Late George ApleyLittle, Brown and Company (1937)Epistolary novelDelaware
1939Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (1896-1953)The YearlingCharles Scribner's Sons (1938)Young adult novelWashington, D.C.
1940John Steinbeck (1902-1968)The Grapes of WrathViking Press (1939)NovelCalifornia
1941NOT AWARDED
1942Ellen Glasgow (1873-1945)In This Our LifeJonathan Cape (1941)NovelVirginia
1943Upton Sinclair (1878-1968)Dragon's TeethViking Press (1942)Historical fictionMaryland
1944Martin Flavin (1883-1967)Journey in the DarkHarper & Brothers (1943)NovelCalifornia
1945John Hersey (1914-1993)A Bell for AdanoAlfred A. Knopf (1944)War novelNew York (born in Tianjin, China)
1946NOT AWARDED
1947Robert Penn Warren (1905-1989)All the King's MenHarcourt, Brace & Company (1946)Political fictionKentucky
1948James A. MichenerTales of the South PacificMacmillan Publishers (1947)Interrelated short stories,Pennsylvania
1949James Gould CozzensGuard of HonorHarcourt, Brace & Company (1948)War novelIllinois
1950A. B. GuthrieThe Way WestWilliam Sloane Associates (1949)Western fictionIndiana
1951Conrad RichterThe TownAlfred A. Knopf (1950)NovelPennsylvania
1952Herman WoukThe Caine MutinyDoubleday (1951)Historical fictionNew York
1953Ernest HemingwayThe Old Man and the SeaCharles Scribner's Sons (1952)Short novelIllinois
1954NOT AWARDED
1955William FaulknerA FableRandom House (1954)NovelMississippi
1956MacKinlay KantorAndersonvillePenguin Books (1955)Historical fictionIowa
1957NOT AWARDED
1958James Agee (1909-1955)A Death in the FamilyMcDowell, Obolensky (1957)Autobiographical novelTennessee
1959Robert Lewis Taylor (1912-1998)The Travels of Jaimie McPheetersDoubleday (1958)Historical fictionIllinois
1960Allen Drury (1918-1998)Advise and ConsentDoubleday (1959)Political fiction,Texas
1961Harper Lee (1926-2016)To Kill a MockingbirdJ. B. Lippincott & Co. (1960)Southern Gothic, Debut novelAlabama
1962Edwin O'Connor (1918-1968)The Edge of SadnessLittle, Brown and Company (1961)NovelRhode Island
1963William Faulkner (1897-1962)The Reivers (posthumous win) 
Random House (1962)NovelMississippi
1964NOT AWARDED
1965Shirley Ann Grau (1929-2020)The Keepers of the HouseAlfred A. Knopf (1964)NovelLouisiana
1966Katherine Anne Porter (1890-1980)Collected StoriesHarcourt Brace (1965)Short story collectionTexas
1967Bernard Malamud (1914-1986)The FixerFarrar, Straus & Giroux (1966)NovelNew York
1968William StyronThe Confessions of Nat TurnerRandom House (1967)NovelVirginia
1969N. Scott MomadayHouse Made of DawnHarper & Row (1968)NovelOklahoma
1970Jean StaffordCollected StoriesFarrar, Straus & Giroux (1969)Short story collectionCalifornia
1971NOT AWARDED
1972Wallace StegnerAngle of ReposeDoubleday (1971)NovelIowa
1973Eudora WeltyThe Optimist's DaughterRandom House (1972)Short novelMississippi
1974NOT AWARDED
1975Michael ShaaraThe Killer AngelsDavid McKay Publications (1974)Historical fictionNew Jersey
1976Saul BellowHumboldt's GiftViking Press (1975)NovelIllinois (born in Quebec, Canada)
1977NOT AWARDED
1978James Alan McPhersonElbow RoomLittle, Brown (1977)Short story collectionGeorgia
1979John CheeverThe Stories of John CheeverAlfred A. Knopf (1978)Short story collectionMassachusetts

From 1980 and on, the Pulitzer Prize also includes a list of finalists.

YearWinnerWorkPublisherGenre(s)Author's originFinalists
1980Norman MailerThe Executioner's SongLittle, Brown (1979)True crime novelNew JerseyWilliam Wharton, Birdy 
Philip Roth, The Ghost Writer
1981John Kennedy TooleA Confederacy of Dunces (posthumous win)Louisiana State University Press (1980)Picaresque novelLouisianaFrederick Buechner, Godric 
William Maxwell, So Long, See You Tomorrow
1982John UpdikeRabbit Is RichAlfred A. Knopf (1981)NovelPennsylvaniaRobert Stone, A Flag for Sunrise 
Marilynne Robinson, Housekeeping
1983Alice WalkerThe Color PurpleHarcourt Brace Jovanovich (1982)Epistolary novelGeorgiaAnne Tyler, Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant 
Chaim Grade, Rabbis and Wives
1984William KennedyIronweedViking Press (1983)NovelNew YorkRaymond Carver, Cathedral 
Thomas Berger, The Feud
1985Alison LurieForeign AffairsRandom House (1984)NovelIllinoisDiana O'Hehir, I Wish This War Were Over 
Douglas Unger, Leaving the Land
1986Larry McMurtryLonesome DoveSimon & Schuster (1985)Western novelTexasRussell Banks, Continental Drift 
Anne Tyler, The Accidental Tourist
1987Peter TaylorA Summons to MemphisAlfred A. Knopf (1986)NovelTennesseeDonald Barthelme, Paradise
Norman Rush, Whites
1988Toni MorrisonBelovedAlfred A. Knopf (1987)NovelOhioDiane Johnson, Persian Nights
Alice McDermott, That Night
1989Anne TylerBreathing LessonsAlfred A. Knopf (1988)NovelMinnesotaRaymond Carver, Where I'm Calling From
1990Oscar HijuelosThe Mambo Kings Play Songs of LoveFarrar, Straus and Giroux (1989)NovelNew YorkE. L. Doctorow, Billy Bathgate
1991John UpdikeRabbit At RestAlfred A. Knopf (1990)NovelPennsylvaniaLinda Hogan, Mean Spirit
Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried
1992Jane SmileyA Thousand AcresAlfred A. Knopf (1991)Domestic RealismCaliforniaDavid Gates, Jernigan
Robert M. Pirsig, Lila: An Inquiry into Morals
Don DeLillo, Mao II
1993Robert Olen ButlerA Good Scent from a Strange MountainHenry Holt (1992)Short story collectionIllinoisAlice McDermott, At Weddings and Wakes
Joyce Carol Oates, Black Water
1994E. Annie ProulxThe Shipping NewsCharles Scribner's Sons (1993)NovelConnecticutPhilip Roth, Operation Shylock: A Confession
Reynolds Price, The Collected Stories
1995Carol ShieldsThe Stone DiariesRandom House (1993)NovelIllinoisGrace Paley, The Collected Stories
Joyce Carol Oates, What I Lived For
1996Richard FordIndependence DayAlfred A. Knopf (1995)NovelMississippiOscar Hijuelos, Mr. Ives' Christmas
Philip Roth, Sabbath's Theater
1997Steven MillhauserMartin Dressler: The Tale of an American DreamerCrown Publishers (1996)NovelNew YorkJoanna Scott, The Manikin
Ursula K. Le Guin, Unlocking the Air and Other Stories
1998Philip RothAmerican PastoralHoughton Mifflin (1997)NovelNew JerseyRobert Stone, Bear and His Daughter: Stories
Don DeLillo, Underworld
1999Michael CunninghamThe HoursFarrar, Straus and Giroux (1998)Historical fictionOhioRussell Banks, Cloudsplitter
Barbara Kingsolver, The Poisonwood Bible
2000Jhumpa LahiriInterpreter of MaladiesHoughton Mifflin (1999)Short story collectionRhode Island (born in London, United Kingdom) (lives in Rome, Italy)Annie Proulx, Close Range: Wyoming Stories
Ha Jin, Waiting
2001Michael ChabonThe Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & ClayRandom House (2000)Historical fictionWashington, D.C.Joyce Carol Oates, Blonde
Joy Williams, The Quick and the Dead
2002Richard RussoEmpire FallsAlfred A. Knopf (2001)NovelNew YorkColson Whitehead, John Henry Days
Jonathan Franzen, The Corrections
2003Jeffrey EugenidesMiddlesexFarrar, Straus and Giroux (2002)Family sagaMichiganAndrea Barrett, Servants of the Map: Stories
Adam Haslett, You Are Not a Stranger Here
2004Edward P. JonesThe Known WorldAmistad Press (2003)Historical fictionWashington, D.C.Susan Choi, American Woman
Marianne Wiggins, Evidence of Things Unseen
2005Marilynne RobinsonGileadFarrar, Straus and Giroux (2004)NovelIdahoWard Just, An Unfinished Season
Ha Jin, War Trash
2006Geraldine Brooks (b. 1955)MarchViking Press (2005)Historical fictionNew York (born in Sydney, Australia)Lee Martin, The Bright Forever | E. L. Doctorow, The March
2007Cormac McCarthyThe RoadAlfred A. Knopf (2006)Post-apocalyptic fictionRhode IslandAlice McDermott, After This
Richard Powers, The Echo Maker
2008Junot DíazThe Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar WaoRiverhead Books (2007)NovelNew Jersey (born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic)Lore Segal, Shakespeare's Kitchen
Denis Johnson, Tree of Smoke
2009Elizabeth StroutOlive KitteridgeRandom House (2008)Interrelated short storiesMaineChristine Schutt, All Souls
Louise Erdrich, The Plague of Doves
2010Paul HardingTinkersBellevue Literary Press (2009)Debut novelMassachusettsDaniyal Mueenuddin, In Other Rooms, Other Wonders
Lydia Millet, Love in Infant Monkeys
2011Jennifer Egan (b. 1962)A Visit from the Goon SquadAlfred A. Knopf (2010)Interrelated short storiesIllinoisJonathan Dee, The Privileges | Chang-rae Lee, The Surrendered
2012NOT AWARDEDKaren Russell, Swamplandia!
David Foster Wallace, The Pale King (posthumous nominee)
Denis Johnson, Train Dreams
2013Adam JohnsonThe Orphan Master's SonRandom House (2012)NovelSouth DakotaEowyn Ivey, The Snow Child
Nathan Englander, What We Talk About When We Talk About Anne Frank
2014Donna TarttThe GoldfinchLittle, Brown and Company (2013)NovelMississippiPhilipp Meyer, The Son
Bob Shacochis, The Woman Who Lost Her Soul
2015Anthony DoerrAll the Light We Cannot SeeCharles Scribner's Sons (2014)War novelOhioRichard Ford, Let Me Be Frank with You
Joyce Carol Oates, Lovely, Dark, Deep
Laila Lalami, The Moor's Account
2016Viet Thanh NguyenThe SympathizerGrove Press (2015)Debut novelCalifornia (born in Buôn Ma Thuột, Vietnam)Kelly Link, Get in Trouble: Stories
Margaret Verble, Maud's Line
2017Colson WhiteheadThe Underground RailroadDoubleday (2016)Alternate historical novelNew YorkAdam Haslett, Imagine Me Gone
C. E. Morgan, The Sport of Kings
2018Andrew Sean GreerLessLittle, Brown and Company (2017)Satirical novelWashington, D.C.Hernan Diaz, In the Distance
Elif Batuman, The Idiot
2019Richard PowersThe OverstoryW. W. Norton & Company (2018)NovelIllinoisRebecca Makkai, The Great Believers
Tommy Orange, There There
2020Colson WhiteheadThe Nickel BoysDoubleday (2019)NovelNew YorkAnn Patchett, The Dutch House
Ben Lerner, The Topeka School
2021Louise ErdrichThe Night WatchmanHarpercollins (2020)NovelMinnesotaDaniel Mason, A Registry of My Passage Upon the Earth
Percival Everett, Telephone
2022Joshua CohenThe NetanyahusNew York Review BooksNovelNew Jersey
Francisco Goldman, Monkey Boy
Gayl Jones, Palmares

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